Lost Television: Not Completely Lost by Phil Gries
Incredibly, lost broadcasts from
the 1950's and 1960's total over 200,000 television hours. However,
in some cases the audio track does remain as a broadcast record of a
telecast which today no longer survives in any other form.
Thanks to a very small group of TV Audio Aircheck recorders, a
number of classic and not so classic television programs survive
today only as audio.
Audio Sampler of Rare & Lost Content from the 1950's '60s, and '70s (May take 20 seconds or more to load)
Let us go back four decades and examine what created this phenomenon.
In issue #785 of TV Guide dated April 13-19, 1968, it
was reported that, to date, 140 million television sets had been
manufactured, 800 television stations had been developed and over 50
million hours of television broadcasts had been aired.
On a 24-hour-a-day schedule, it would take 6,000 years to view
all of television's first 21 years of broadcasting (1947-1967).
Incredibly, more than half of all these broadcasts, many of them
telecast live or on videotape, have been "lost", destroyed, or have
deteriorated beyond repair. Back in TV's early days, few people saw
much value in keeping copies of programs from such a disposable
medium as television. Through the 1960's, television preservation
was an arcane pursuit.
It was not until the 1970's, as the television industry
approached it's silver anniversary, that serious archival interest
in television program preservation began to surface. On October 19,
1976, the U.S. Congress officially recognized television as an
important aspect of American culture, advocating the need to create
a permanent record of TV and to allow for it's access to historians
and scholars without causing copyright infringement. Also, one month
later, in November of 1976, The Museum of Television and Radio,
in New York, opened its doors to the public. Their objective was to
acquire a bit of everything that the broadcasting industry had to
offer. Acquisitions came from the networks, private collectors,
industry personalities and other sources. Television series
photographed on 16mm and 35mm film were the easiest to
obtain. Unlike reusable videotape, film prints could not be reused
for new programming and acetate film stock, used in the 1950's, was
more stable than it's volatile nitrate counterpart. Therefore, a
large percentage of filmed television, series, specials and
documentaries from the 1950's and 1960's exist today in excellent
Live programs telecast during the 1950's had to be
kinescoped (16mm or 35mm film camera recording a television monitor
as the live telecast aired) in order for these broadcasts to be
preserved. This technique was expensive and primarily done for
delayed West Coast transmission. Also, kinescopes of certain
programs such as the 1952 World Series, originally broadcast live,
were sent to Korea for our servicemen to view at a later date.
While the picture quality is marginal for most of these kinescope
recordings, it is the only broadcast record of a specific live
telecast. Only a modest percentage of good kinescopes survive from
the first dozen years of live television broadcasting; most were
discarded or misplaced after their delayed transmission or
In the late 1950's, the kinescope process was gradually
replaced by videotape recording and playback transmission.
The new era of magnetic tape television, marking the gradual end of
black-and-white kinescope and color lenticular film, was implemented
by NBC in the spring of 1958 at their Burbank studios in California.
Initially, two inch quad videotape was somewhat unstable, and
editing such material was a slow and awkward process. It was also
expensive to purchase, and two inch quad required a lot of space for
storage due to size. There was very little profit preserving network
and especially local, live and videotaped programming. Many
original and duplicated tapes were discarded, misplaced and erased
by uncaring executives and employees at television broadcast
stations and production companies. After a television broadcast had
initially aired, and possibly had its telecast rerun, there was
little incentive to hold on to such original videotape material
when it could be reused for new programming. Most talk shows, news,
public affairs, live and videotaped interviews and sports
broadcasts aired only once and were never seen again. With the
exception of 1940's programming and 1950's daytime programming,
these live and videotaped broadcasts, from 1958 through the 1960's,
are the telecasts most "lost" and most scarce of all in television's
Practically all the sample television programming that has
survived from the late 50's and early 60's have come from the
archives of the CBS, NBC, and to a lesser extent from the ABC
television networks. Even the network archives kept only a fraction
of all their broadcasts and many of these, through the 1960's, were
eventually discarded, erased, destroyed, or misplaced. In some rare
instances, personal requests to record a program or to dub a videotape by industry professionals were fulfilled. But it was rare when
independent local stations kept copies of their live/videotaped
programs. Economics came first. Tape was reused over and over again
and hundreds of thousands of broadcasts were never seen or heard
again, after their initial airing.
Thus, if it
weren't for a handful of professional and amateur recordists who personally recorded
TELEVISION AUDIO, thousands of lost TV shows would be completely
lost forever. When only the audio aircheck remains, we have an
opportunity to at least be in touch with our nostalgic past, our
memories, the political and social events of our time and our heritage.
It is a form still revealing and memorable; it is illustrated radio
with the visuals left to our imagination.
Still, the efforts of these recordists, for
the most part, continue to go unnoticed and unrecognized by the
general public and by most archival broadcasting museums. As the
21st century unfolds, most of our early surviving kinescopes and
videotapes will be accounted for and circulated. Perhaps then,
inquisitive minds will at last come to recognize and revere the
treasures which have been and remain overlooked... the audio track links to a bygone
era representing the golden and silver age of television.